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Contraception Methods

Oral Contraceptives
— The Pill
"The Pill" is the common name for oral contraception. There are two basic types — combination pills and progestin-only pills. Both are made of hormones like those made by a woman's ovaries. Combination pills contain both estrogen and progestin. Both kinds of pills require a medical evaluation and prescription.

Both pills can prevent pregnancy. But they work differently. Combination pills usually work by preventing a woman's ovaries from releasing eggs (ovulation). Progestin-only pills also can prevent ovulation. But they usually work by thickening the cervical mucus. This keeps sperm from joining with an egg. Combination pills also thicken cervical mucus.Both types of pill can also prevent fertilized eggs from implanting in the uterus.

Taking the Pill daily maintains the level of hormone that is needed to prevent pregnancy.

The RingNuvaRing®
The flexible contraceptive ring that is about two inches in diameter is used to prevent pregnancy. You insert NuvaRing ® into your vagina just once a month. The muscles in your vaginal wall will keep NuvaRing® in place for three weeks. During that time, it will slowly release a low dose  of female hormones that are needed to prevent pregnancy.

When 21 days are completed, simply remove NuvaRing® to allow your body to have its menstrual cycle. After a seven-day break, you will insert a new ring to continue to be protected against pregnancy.

Intrauterine Devices


Periodic Abstinence


Choosing a Birth Control Method
The Association of Reproductive Health Professionals offers an Interactive Program to help You Choose the Birth Control Method that's right for you on the ARHP website.

There are many different kinds of birth control methods, known as contraceptives. No one contraceptive is right for every person. That's why it's important to find out what works best for you. Even if you are not currently having sex, it is always a good idea to think ahead about birth control.

First and foremost, you should always discuss your birth control options with your health care provider. This interactive guide will give you information about contraceptive options. It will help you work with your health care provider in choosing a method that is right for you.

ARHP— www.arhp.org

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— Male and Female
Male Condoms are sheaths of thin latex or plastic worn on the penis during intercourse. And they are available dry or lubricated. Sometimes they are called rubbers, safes, or jimmies. They reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infection are effective over-the-counter, barrier methods of reversible birth control.

Condoms collect semen before, during, and after a man ejaculates. This can keep sperm from entering the vagina.

Female Condoms is a polyurethane (plastic) pouch that fits inside a woman's vagina. It has a soft ring on each end. The outer ring stays on the outside of the vagina and partly covers the labia (lips). The inner ring fits on the inside of the vagina, somewhat like a diaphragm, to hold the condom in place.

Contraceptive Patch — Ortho Evra®
The patch is a highly effective, weekly hormonal birth control patch that is worn on the skin to prevent pregnancy. It is worn for one week and replaced on the same day of the week for three consecutive weeks, with the fourth week "patch-free." The patch is a very thin, beige, smooth patch that measures 1 3/4 inches on each of its four sides. It can be worn on the upper outer arm, buttocks, abdomen, or upper torso. It uses a combination of the hormones estrogen and progestin to prevent pregnancy - much like most birth control pills. Studies have shown the patch remains attached and effective when you bathe, swim, exercise, or wear it in humid weather.

Contraceptive Gels

Emergency ContraceptionPlan B®
Often called the "morning-after pill," emergency contraception can reduce the risk of pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. Emergency contraception is provided in two ways: using increased doses of certain oral contraceptive pills or insertion of a copper intrauterine device (IUD) within five to seven days. Emergency contraception pills (ECPs) can reduce the risk of pregnancy up to 120 hours after unprotected vaginal intercourse. They work best when taken within 72 hours — during this time they can reduce the risk of pregnancy from 75 to 89 percent. Back up your birth control.

{U.S.} If you have had unprotected sex within the last five days, and need an appointment to receive EC, you can call 1-800-230-PLAN (7526) for a Planned Parenthood center nearest you, or call 1-888-NOT-2-LATE for a list of providers in your area.

Ten reasons why Emergency Contraception Pills should have Over the Counter Status

Emergency Contraception, "the Morning-After Pill," or Plan B, can be taken up to 120 hours after intercourse, but it is most effective if taken within 24 hours. So why not always keep Emergency Contraception on hand and help prevent an unplanned pregnancy?

Emergency Contraception can be purchased at Planned Parenthood at affordable prices and without appointment or prescription for clients 18 and older. EC is available at all three of Planned Parenthood of NYC's health centers, including the Bronx location at 349 E. 149th Street from Tuesday to Saturday 10am to 4pm.

Visit Planned Parenthood of New York City's website at for more information on EC and other ways to take control of your reproductive health!

  Hormone-based contraception, such as the pilll, can interact with other medications - so be sure to check with your doctor and pharmacist about interactions and contraindications – they won't necessarily mention it to you on their own.

  Pioneers - they paved the way for us  

Marie Stopes International
(MSI) works worldwide to provide women and men with reproductive health information and services. The first clinic was established in the UK in 1921 by family planning pioneer Dr Marie Stopes.

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